According to Khanh Hoa Provincial People’s Committee, in the past, there have been quite a few investors who have applied to implement waste treatment plant projects which combine waste incineration with heat recovery to produce electricity.
Specifically, there are approximately ten suitable investment documents for solid waste treatment projects under consideration. In particular, Nha Trang city has seven dossiers requesting the implementation of a solid waste treatment plant project in Luong Hoa village, Vinh Luong commune, by the planning committee.
Most of the projects applying for investment in waste treatment plants combine incineration with heat recovery to produce electricity. Particularly in Nha Trang City, where the project proposals are capable of generating a capacity of up to 30MW, with a total investment of more than 3,300 billion VND. In Cam Lam, the investor proposed to build a waste treatment plant to generate electricity with a capacity of 1,000 tons/day, reaching a capacity of 18MW. This project has an area of about 50ha with an investment capital of 2,150 billion VND.
To select investors for waste treatment plant projects, Khanh Hoa Provincial People’s Committee has developed a draft stating a set of criteria to treat domestic solid waste in the province. The draft provides four specific criteria: technology, social environment, finance and project implementation capacity, and economy. At the same time, the set of standards also stipulates that the project implementation time should not exceed 12 months.
Regarding the technology, Khanh Hoa Provincial People’s Committee requires plants to have technology that is encouraged to be applied in Vietnam according to current regulations and having plans to combine technology with annealing, burning, and heat recovery to generate electricity. Investment projects must have the technology for preliminary processing of waste before treatment as well as recovery of components from solid waste before and after treatment to reuse or create useful products. In particular, Khanh Hoa Provincial People’s Committee prioritizes plants that can treat waste without sorting, do not generate waste sources during treatment and handle odors during operation.
In addition to ensuring current regulations and environmental standards and regulations, the set of criteria also has an advanced criteria. This criteria being that priority will be given to investors who commit and develop supportive policies on social welfare in the place where the project is located and has a plan to train human resources for the locality to use local human resources in the process of operation.
As for the financial criteria and project implementation capacity, Khanh Hoa Provincial People’s Committee requires owners to have capital on the total project investment. The investor must ensure to contribute at least 20% of the total investment capital to the project implementation. Notably, the investor must be capable and experienced, having invested in the construction and operated waste treatment plants in the past. Priority will be given to investors with greater commitments to programs which support the province’s management capacity in environmental protection.
With respect to the economic criteria, Khanh Hoa Provincial People’s Committee requires the price of waste treatment services not to exceed 400,000 VND/ton. Investors must invest capital in the construction, compensation and site clearance by themselves, as well as be capable of consuming all products from the project’s waste recycling activity.
Currently, Khanh Hoa Provincial People’s Committee has received comments from the Ministry of Science and Technology on the draft which lays out the set of criteria for selecting investors to treat domestic solid waste in the province. After receiving comments from the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the Provincial People’s Committee will complete the set of criteria and select the best investors.